Written by: Dr. Jacquie Jacob, University of Kentucky
Quail bronchitis is caused by adenovirus. This disease affects bobwhite quail, but Japanese Coturnix quail are resistant. Quail bronchitis occurs most frequently in the southern states where bobwhite quail are commonly raised for release in hunting preserves. Once quail have contracted the virus, the flock remains infected for the rest of the breeding season, with each successive hatch becoming infected.
Quail infected with bronchitis exhibit the following symptoms:
- Discharge from the nostrils and eyes
- Open-mouth breathing
- Droopy wings
- Increased respiratory sounds
There is no specific treatment for quail bronchitis. Cases of quail bronchitis are often complicated by secondary infections, especially mycoplasmal or bacterial infections. Antibiotics can be used to combat secondary infections.
PREVENTION AND CONTROL
There are no vaccinations for quail bronchitis. Implementing and maintaining an effective biosecurity plan are critical to preventing the disease. When infection occurs, it is necessary to break the cycle of disease by killing all the birds and thoroughly cleaning and disinfecting pens and equipment. The facilities should remain empty for 30 to 90 days.
FOR MORE INFORMATION
A review of quail bronchitis. S.W. Jack and W.M. Reed, Purdue University.
Overview of quail bronchitis. Merck Veterinary Manual.